Which Is Best Varchar Or Nvarchar?

What does N in Nvarchar stand for?

National language character setIt’s declaring the string as nvarchar data type, rather than varchar.

You may have seen Transact-SQL code that passes strings around using an N prefix.

This denotes that the subsequent string is in Unicode (the N actually stands for National language character set)..

Should I always use Nvarchar?

You should use NVARCHAR / NCHAR whenever the ENCODING , which is determined by COLLATION of the field, doesn’t support the characters needed. Also, depending on the SQL Server version, you can use specific COLLATIONs , like Latin1_General_100_CI_AS_SC_UTF8 which is available since SQL Server 2019.

Should I use varchar or Nvarchar?

You can use SQL varchar when the sizes of the column vary considerably, use varchar(max) when there are chances that string length might exceed 8000 bytes, use char when the sizes of the column are fixed and use nvarchar if there is a requirement to store Unicode or multilingual data.

What is difference between char varchar and Nvarchar?

char and nchar are fixed-length which will reserve storage space for number of characters you specify even if you don’t use up all that space. varchar and nvarchar are variable-length which will only use up spaces for the characters you store.

What is Nvarchar data type?

The NVARCHAR data type stores character data in a variable-length field. Data can be a string of single-byte or multibyte letters, digits, and other characters that are supported by the code set of your database locale.

Does Nvarchar size matter?

For example: nvarchar(1000) with data stored test data will initially take 9*2 bytes of space or 18-bytes. While a nchar(1000) will take 1000*2 bytes (2000-bytes) no matter what. … So there may be a difference in terms of impact for performance if the data changes significantly.