What Is A Lexifier Language?

Which country speaks pidgin English?

Most African countries are made up of numerous different ethnic groups who do not necessarily have a lingua franca, so Pidgin has developed.

It is widely spoken in Nigeria, Ghana, Equatorial Guinea and Cameroon..

Is Creole broken French?

It is based on French and on the African languages spoken by slaves brought from West Africa to work on plantations. It is often incorrectly described as a French dialect or as “broken French”. In fact, it is a language in its own right with its own pronunciation, grammar, vocabulary, and pragmatics.

Why is it called pidgin English?

Etymology. Pidgin derives from a Chinese pronunciation of the English word business, and all attestations from the first half of the nineteenth century given in the third edition of the Oxford English Dictionary mean ‘business; an action, occupation, or affair’ (the earliest being from 1807).

What does Wahala mean in Nigerian?

Wahala. Wahala means ‘Trouble’, and its meaning can change depending on context. When someone says ‘No wahala, they could mean ‘Yes’ or ‘No problem’.

How do you say hello in pidgin English?

Usually pronounced “har fa”. “How far?” is the most common way to say “hello” in Nigerian pidgin….When you are not sure how to greet somebody, it is always appropriate to say “Kóyo ”.Mesiere. Mesiere is the Efik/Ibibio way of greeting. … Sannu! … Abole.

How do you reply to Dey?

“How you dey?” comes the question, or “How body?” (both meaning “how are you?”) “I dey fine” is the correct response, or, if you’re in a less upbeat mood, “body dey inside cloth”, meaning “I’m coping/making do with the situation,” or literally “I’m still wearing clothes.”

What is an example of Creole language?

Creole languages include varieties that are based on French, such as Haitian Creole, Louisiana Creole, and Mauritian Creole; English, such as Gullah (on the Sea Islands of the southeastern United States), Jamaican Creole, Guyanese Creole, and Hawaiian Creole; and Portuguese, such as Papiamentu (in Aruba, Bonaire, and …

Is Creole a language?

A creole language is a stable natural language developed from a mixture of different languages. Unlike a pidgin, a simplified form that develops as a means of communication between two or more groups, a creole language is a complete language, used in a community and acquired by children as their native language.

Is there a language called pigeon?

Hawaiian Pidgin (alternately, Hawaiian Creole English or HCE, known locally as Pidgin) is an English-based creole language spoken in Hawaiʻi. It has 600,000 native speakers and 400,000 who speak it as a second language.

What does substrate mean?

1 : substratum. 2 : the base on which an organism lives the soil is the substrate of most seed plants. 3 : a substance acted upon (as by an enzyme)

What country breaks English?

NigeriaUnsourced material may be challenged and removed. Nigerian Pidgin is an English-based creole language spoken as a lingua franca across Nigeria. The language is sometimes referred to as “Pijin” or Broken (pronounced “Brokun”).

What is an example of a pidgin language?

Pidgins generally consist of small vocabularies (Chinese Pidgin English has only 700 words), but some have grown to become a group’s native language. Examples include Sea Island Creole (spoken in South Carolina’s Sea Islands), Haitian Creole, and Louisiana Creole.

What is Superstrate language?

A substratum or substrate is a language that has lower power or prestige than another, while a superstratum or superstrate is the language that has higher power or prestige. … Both substratum and superstratum languages influence each other, but in different ways.

What is the difference between pidgins and creoles?

Pidgins often borrow words from their source languages and feature a simplified grammar. It’s a bare-bones language designed to enable minimum-viable communication. By the time a pidgin becomes a creole, the language has developed enough of its own characteristics to have a distinct grammar of its own.

Can a pidgin turn into a Creole?

Sometimes, as the result of relatively permanent settlement and the intermixture of two speech communities, a pidgin becomes the first language of later generations, ultimately displacing both the original languages. First languages arising in this way from artificially created pidgins are called creoles.

Do Nigerians speak English?

It is the most widely spoken language, although English is the official language of Nigeria. In addition to English, Hausa, Yoruba, Igbo, Fula, and English Creole are widely spoken. Many of the languages exist in written form.

What language did slaves speak?

In the English colonies Africans spoke an English-based Atlantic Creole, generally called plantation creole. Low Country Africans spoke an English-based creole that came to be called Gullah. Gullah is a language closely related to Krio a creole spoken in Sierra Leone.

What does Nigeria mean?

The name Nigeria was taken from the Niger River running through the country. This name was coined on January 8, 1897, by British journalist Flora Shaw, who later married Lord Lugard, a British colonial administrator.