Quick Answer: What Is Varchar In SQL With Example?

What are the 4 types of data?

In statistics, there are four data measurement scales: nominal, ordinal, interval and ratio.

These are simply ways to sub-categorize different types of data (here’s an overview of statistical data types) ..

What does varchar MAX mean?

varchar [ ( n | max ) ] Variable-size string data. Use n to define the string size in bytes and can be a value from 1 through 8,000 or use max to indicate a column constraint size up to a maximum storage of 2^31-1 bytes (2 GB).

What does varchar 20 mean?

The data type of varchar is Variable-length with non-Unicode character data. The storage size is the actual length of data entered + 2 bytes. • For varchar (20): The max storage size is: 20*1 byte +2 bytes=22 bytes; •

What does varchar 10 mean?

The reason you use a varchar is exactly why it’s named varchar . It allows you to store variable-sized data elements. Typically, char(10) gives you ten characters, no matter what, padding it with spaces if you insert something shorter.

What is data type example?

A data type is a type of data. … Some common data types include integers, floating point numbers, characters, strings, and arrays. They may also be more specific types, such as dates, timestamps, boolean values, and varchar (variable character) formats.

How many data types are there?

The eight primitive data types are: byte, short, int, long, float, double, boolean, and char.

What does varchar 100 mean?

VARCHAR is a variable length string data type, so it holds only the characters you assign to it. VARCHAR takes up 1 byte per character, + 2 bytes to hold length information. For example, if you set a VARCHAR(100) data type = ‘Jen’, then it would take up 3 bytes (for J, E, and N) plus 2 bytes, or 5 bytes in all.

Does varchar size matter?

Yes, is matter when you indexing multiple columns. Prefixes can be up to 1000 bytes long (767 bytes for InnoDB tables). … In a latin1 collation, you can only specify up 3 columns of varchar(255) .

What is a varchar in SQL?

As the name suggests, varchar means character data that is varying. Also known as Variable Character, it is an indeterminate length string data type. It can hold numbers, letters and special characters. … SQL varchar usually holds 1 byte per character and 2 more bytes for the length information.

What are the 5 data types?

Common data types include:Integer.Floating-point number.Character.String.Boolean.

What is the difference between varchar and text?

Some Differences Between VARCHAR and TEXT The VAR in VARCHAR means that you can set the max size to anything between 1 and 65,535. TEXT fields have a fixed max size of 65,535 characters. A VARCHAR can be part of an index whereas a TEXT field requires you to specify a prefix length, which can be part of an index.

What is varchar value?

Values in VARCHAR columns are variable-length strings. The length can be specified as a value from 0 to 65,535. The effective maximum length of a VARCHAR is subject to the maximum row size (65,535 bytes, which is shared among all columns) and the character set used.

What does varchar 255 mean?

If you specify it as VARCHAR(255), that means that the column will reserve 1 byte + length of the string bytes. That 1 byte indicates how long the string is. 1 byte = you can have from 0 – 255 values stored (2 to the power of 8 = 256).

What does varchar 50 mean?

Varchar(50) stores a maximum of 50 characters. Varchar(max) stores a maximum of 2,147,483,647 characters. But, varchar(50) keeps the 50 character space even if you don’t store 50 characters. but varchar(max) is flexible to any size.

Why do we use varchar?

VARCHAR stores variable-length character strings and is the most common string data type. It can require less storage space than fixed-length types, because it uses only as much space as it needs (i.e., less space is used to store shorter values). … VARCHAR helps performance because it saves space.