Quick Answer: Can You Have More Than 8 Valence Electrons?

Which one will have the maximum number of valence electrons?

Thus, phosphorus has the maximum number of valence electrons, i.e., 5..

What conditions are required for an atom to have more than 8 electrons?

octet rule: Atoms lose, gain, or share electrons in order to have a full valence shell of eight electrons. Hydrogen is an exception because it can hold a maximum of two electrons in its valence level.

Why does boron only need 6 electrons?

Boron has a charge of 5. This is balanced by 5 electrons. … The valence electrons may participate in bonding through sharing with other atoms, to make three bonds. Three bonds = six electrons.

Can fluorine have more than 8 electrons?

If we arrange the atoms and electrons symmetrically, we obtain a structure with six bonds to sulfur; that is, it is six-coordinate. Each fluorine atom has an octet, but the sulfur atom has 12 electrons surrounding it rather than 8.

Why can Xenon have more than 8 valence electrons?

Xe does not follow the octet rule. It actually bonds. … Xenon having valence electrons in the 4th energy level, will also have access to the 4d sublevel, thus allowing for more than 8 electrons. XeF4 is d2sp3 hybridized and contains 2 lone pair and 4 bonding pairs of valence electrons around the Xenon.

Why is the maximum number of valence electrons 8?

This is because of the quantum nature of the atoms, where electrons are organized in shells: the first (named the K shell) has 2 electrons, the second (L-shell) has 8, the third (M shell) has 18. Atoms combine into molecules by trying in most cases to have valence electrons entirely filling a shell.

Which elements can have less than 8 electrons?

While most atoms obey the duet and octet rules, there are some exceptions. For example, elements such as boron or beryllium often form compounds in which the central atom is surrounded by fewer than eight electrons (e.g., BF₃ or BeH₂).

Why is 3rd shell 8 or 18?

The third shell of an atom has 18 electrons only not 8 electrons. You might be confused because first the electrons of 4s are filled and then the 10 electrons of 3d shells are filled.

What does it mean if an element has 8 valence electrons?

Atoms of group 18 elements have eight valence electrons (or two in the case of helium). These elements already have a full outer energy level, so they are very stable. As a result, they rarely if ever react with other elements. … Therefore, it is very reactive and gives up electrons in chemical reactions.

What violates the octet rule?

The octet rule is violated whenever a bonded atom has either fewer or more than eight valence electrons in its valence shell. BH₃ has only six valence electrons around B. The B atom has an incomplete octet.

What is the 2 8 8 rule in chemistry?

There is a 2-8-8 rule for these elements. The first shell is filled with 2 electrons, the second is filled with 8 electrons, and the third is filled with 8. You can see that sodium (Na) and magnesium (Mg) have a couple of extra electrons. They, like all atoms, want to be happy.

Which elements can have more than 8 valence electrons?

Sulfur, phosphorus, silicon, and chlorine are common examples of elements that form an expanded octet. Phosphorus pentachloride (PCl5) and sulfur hexafluoride (SF6) are examples of molecules that deviate from the octet rule by having more than 8 electrons around the central atom.