Question: What Is An Underground Stem That Stores Food?

Is turmeric a root or stem?

Turmeric, (Curcuma longa), perennial herbaceous plant of the ginger family (Zingiberaceae), the tuberous rhizomes, or underground stems, of which have been used from antiquity as a condiment, a textile dye, and medically as an aromatic stimulant..

Why potato is underground stem?

Answer: The potatoes grow on underground stem. The potato tubers are actually thickened stem they have buds that sprout stem and leafs. … And the potatoes are under the ground so they are called underground stem.

What is the underground stem of an onion plant called?

Answer. Answer: Potato – This is a stem, an underground storage stem called a tuber. … Onion layers – The bulb of the onion contains both a modified stem, in the center, but most of what we eat are layers that are modified underground leaves.

Is sweet potato stem or root?

Potatoes and yams technically have modified belowground stems (“stem tubers”) while sweet potatoes have “root tubers.”

Which part of plant do we eat generally?

When we eat spinach or lettuce, we are eating the plant’s leaves. We eat the fruit of squash, cucumber and tomato plants. When we eat corn or peas we are eating seeds, and when we eat radish or carrot, we are eating roots. Cauliflower and broccoli plants produce flowers we like to eat.

Is garlic an underground stem?

The garlic stem is an underground structure and both leaves and roots initiate from it. It dies long before the garlic plant is harvested. Before this happens the stem leaves the base for the future roots and the stem at the bottom of each garlic clove within the garlic bulb.

Is carrot a root or stem?

The carrot (Daucus carota subsp. sativus) is a root vegetable, usually orange in color, though purple, black, red, white, and yellow cultivars exist.

What are examples of underground stems?

Examples of underground stems include corms, such as taro (left); rhizomes, such as ginger (center); and tubers, such as potatoes (right).

What is an underground root or stem that is swollen with food called?

A rhizome is a swollen stem bearing leaves and roots. It grows horizontally on or just below the surface. A rhizome is similar to a corm, but new rhizomes are not produced annually.

Is sweet potato an underground stem?

Stem tubers form thickened rhizomes (underground stems) or stolons (horizontal connections between organisms). Common plant species with stem tubers include the potato and yam. Some sources also treat modified lateral roots (root tubers) under the definition; these are found in sweet potatoes, cassava, and dahlias.

Is ginger an underground stem?

Ginger or Zingiber officinale is an example of underground stem or rhizome modifications which have nodes and internodes.

Is an example of stem that store food in them?

Examples of food-storing stems include such specialized forms as tubers, rhizomes, and corms and the woody stems of trees and shrubs.

Why are potato onion and ginger not considered roots?

Potato, onion and ginger are not roots but Underground Stems. Even though the part of the potato we eat grows in the ground, it is not the root of the plant. … Underground stems are modified plant structures that derive from stem tissue but exist under the soil surface.

Is garlic a root or a stem?

It belongs to the onion family, alongside shallots, leeks, and chives (2). Strictly speaking, a vegetable is any edible part of an herbaceous plant, such as the roots, leaves, stems, and bulbs. The garlic plant itself has a bulb, tall stem, and long leaves.

Is Carrot an underground stem?

Potato – An underground stem called a tuber. 2. Carrot – A modified tap root. … Turmeric- An underground stem known as ‘rhizome’.

Which plants store food in their stems?

The plants which store food in their stem are cactus, bamboo, pineapple, potato, ginger, onion, banana, etc. Note: The underground modification of stem is called rhizome. It is a fleshy and horizontal stem found below the surface of the soil.

Is turmeric an underground stem?

The rhizome is the underground stem of turmeric, which can be divided into two parts, the central pear-shaped “mother rhizome” and its lateral axillary branches known as “fingers.” Normally, there is only one main axis. Either a complete finger or a mother rhizome is used as planting material.

What is an example of a stem vegetable?

Stem vegetables include asparagus and kohlrabi. Among the edible tubers, or underground stems, are potatoes. The leaf and leafstalk vegetables include brussels sprouts, cabbage, celery, lettuce, rhubarb, and spinach. … Seed vegetables are usually legumes, such as peas and beans.

Which one of the following is an underground stem?

Types of underground stems Bulb – Short, upright organ leaves modified into thick flesh scales. Tulips, daffodils and Lilies. Corm – Short, upright, hard or fleshy stems covered with thin, dry papery leaves. Rhizome – With reduced scale like leaves.

Is onion an underground stem?

The onion plant has a fan of hollow, bluish-green leaves and its bulb at the base of the plant begins to swell when a certain day-length is reached. The bulbs are composed of shortened, compressed, underground stems surrounded by fleshy modified scale (leaves) that envelop a central bud at the tip of the stem.

Is Elephant foot yam an underground stem?

A corm, as in elephant foot yam and tannia, is a short, solid, underground stem. To consider all the modified roots and underground stems, which store carbohydrates, we use the grouping “roots and tubers”.