Question: Should I Use Varchar Or Nvarchar?

What does varchar 255 mean?

If you specify it as VARCHAR(255), that means that the column will reserve 1 byte + length of the string bytes.

That 1 byte indicates how long the string is.

1 byte = you can have from 0 – 255 values stored (2 to the power of 8 = 256)..

Is it bad to use Nvarchar Max?

You cannot create an index on an nvarchar(MAX) column. You can use full-text indexing, but you cannot create an index on the column to improve query performance. For me, this seals the deal…it is a definite disadvantage to always use nvarchar(MAX).

Does Nvarchar size matter?

For example: nvarchar(1000) with data stored test data will initially take 9*2 bytes of space or 18-bytes. While a nchar(1000) will take 1000*2 bytes (2000-bytes) no matter what. … So there may be a difference in terms of impact for performance if the data changes significantly.

Which special characters are not allowed in varchar?

VALID Varchar ValuesUppercase or lowercase characters such as a, b, and C.Numerals such as 1, 2, or 3.Special characters such as the “at” sign (@), ampersand (&amp , and exclamation point (!).

What is the max value for Nvarchar?

2 GByteThe max size for a column of type NVARCHAR(MAX) is 2 GByte of storage. Since NVARCHAR uses 2 bytes per character, that’s approx. 1 billion characters. Leo Tolstoj’s War and Peace is a 1’440 page book, containing about 600’000 words – so that might be 6 million characters – well rounded up.

What is the difference varchar and Nvarchar?

The key difference between varchar and nvarchar is the way they are stored, varchar is stored as regular 8-bit data(1 byte per character) and nvarchar stores data at 2 bytes per character. Due to this reason, nvarchar can hold upto 4000 characters and it takes double the space as SQL varchar.

Should I always use Nvarchar?

You should use NVARCHAR / NCHAR whenever the ENCODING , which is determined by COLLATION of the field, doesn’t support the characters needed. Also, depending on the SQL Server version, you can use specific COLLATIONs , like Latin1_General_100_CI_AS_SC_UTF8 which is available since SQL Server 2019.

What does N in Nvarchar stand for?

National language character setIt’s declaring the string as nvarchar data type, rather than varchar. You may have seen Transact-SQL code that passes strings around using an N prefix. This denotes that the subsequent string is in Unicode (the N actually stands for National language character set).

Which special characters are not allowed in SQL?

Names can contain (but cannot begin with) the following special characters: 0 through 9, #, @, and $.

Does Nvarchar accept special characters?

Variable-length, both Unicode and non-Unicode characters such as Japanese, Korean, and Chinese. Due to storage only, used only if you need Unicode support such as the Japanese Kanji or Korean Hangul characters.

What is Nvarchar used for?

Data types nchar, nvarchar, and long nvarchar are used to store Unicode data. They behave similarly to char, varchar, and long varchar character types respectively, except that each character in a Unicode type typically uses 16 bits.

What is Nvarchar data type?

The NVARCHAR data type stores character data in a variable-length field. Data can be a string of single-byte or multibyte letters, digits, and other characters that are supported by the code set of your database locale.